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Last Updated on January 13, 2024

Gold has the reputation for maintaining its value during recessions due to its positive price elasticity.

Gold has the advantage of maintaining its value during periods of economic uncertainty, unlike cash. As such, gold can be an effective means for safeguarding wealth and diversifying an investment portfolio.

Recessions and Gold

a gold investing banner with gold bars in the background

Recessions often lead to devaluation of currencies and stock markets as companies make less money. Gold can be a safe investment alternative in these times since its value tends to remain constant, serving as both an inflation hedge and safeguard against currency depreciation.

Many industry professionals view gold as a secure investment during economic hardship. They say it’s an ideal way to diversify portfolios and reduce the likelihood of losing all your money.

Gold has been a reliable investment for millennia, weathering recessions, oil price shocks, and even the Great Depression.

Gold’s price is determined by several factors, including demand, interest rates and inflation – all of which influence the economy as a whole.

Gold prices tend to increase during recessionary times, as investors seek safety and stability in an uncertain economy. This is particularly true if the depreciating currencies lead to increased inflationary pressures.

One factor that may cause gold prices to increase is negative real interest rates, which often occur during periods of depression. This makes savings accounts more valuable and encourages people to invest in gold.

Finally, investors can purchase gold and silver as a means to protect their assets during times of market volatility. Typically, gold and silver prices rise during such times.

Despite these advantages, it is essential to comprehend how recessions affect gold and silver prices. Furthermore, one should be aware of the potential risks involved with investing in gold during a downturn.

To be prepared for a recession, it’s essential to have an emergency plan and diversify your assets. Doing this will prevent you from losing all of your hard-earned money and ensure the safety of those closest to you.

It is essential to remember that gold prices tend to rise during economic downturns, though this may not occur every time. This is because the value of gold depends on a number of factors and can fluctuate drastically at any given moment.

The Great Depression

a man sells apples for 15 cents during the great depression

The Great Depression was one of the most severe economic downturns in American history. It began with a stock market crash on October 29, 1929 that sent markets plunging and caused widespread destruction throughout the economy. For four years, many Americans lost their homes, jobs, and possessions as they tried to recover.

The 1929 recession was caused by the Federal Reserve System and President Herbert Hoover’s monetary policy decisions, along with a reduction of money supply, an increase in interest rates, and decreased private sector spending. These policies were supported by different schools of thought such as Keynesian school or Monetarism school.

Though economic recessions often cause gold prices to decrease, this has not always been the case. In most cases, gold’s value actually increases during a downturn.

Over centuries, people have used gold as a form of protection against economic downturns. For instance, during the 19th century many countries issued paper currencies backed by gold – this was known as “gold standard.” Interestingly enough, both the United States and France were on this gold standard at the time of the Great Depression.

To safeguard their gold stocks, these countries implemented deflationary policies that restricted economic activity and decreased price levels. As a result, many economies around the world entered into deep recession.

This caused an uptick in bank runs and business failures, as well as reduced credit availability resulting in further bankruptcies and a decline in stock markets.

In response to this crisis, the United States government passed various pieces of legislation such as Smoot-Hawley Tariff in 1930 and the New Deal program in 1933. These reforms were designed to aid recovery from the recession and offer relief to workers.

Unfortunately, the New Deal program proved a major failure. It failed to generate economic growth or help unemployed individuals find work. Furthermore, it increased living costs for many people, leading them to lose their homes and savings.

The 1970s

The 1970s witnessed significant developments in world politics and events. Additionally, this decade witnessed an unprecedented oil crisis which had widespread impacts around the globe.

Despite the inflation that occurred in the 1970s, gold remained an asset investors valued and trusted. This is because gold had its own monetary value independent of fiat money, meaning it could retain its value over time.

When the economy was in crisis, investors often turned to gold as a safe haven and investment choice. Gold had all of the characteristics of currency: universality of exchange, widely recognized value, and ease of exchange.

In addition, the 1970s witnessed significant political unrest, with wars and civil unrest across many regions. For instance, Iran’s Revolution caused widespread social and economic disruption that had far-reaching repercussions around the globe.

In the 1970s, gold investors experienced an extraordinary boom. Prices shot up dramatically from $35 per ounce in 1970 to $850 by 1980 – a whopping 2,328 percent increase – more than double S&P’s return during that same period (excluding dividends).

One reason gold’s strong performance during this decade can be attributed to low inflation and interest rates, which encouraged growth and helped to stabilize the economy.

It follows then that, should we find ourselves in a similar position in 2021, it may be beneficial to invest in precious metals like gold. Doing so could help stabilize your portfolio and protect you against losses during an economic downturn. Historically speaking, gold often performs better during times of economic crisis than money market funds or cash in your bank account.

The fundamental reason is that when the dollar depreciates, gold prices typically increase. This is because there is a lower supply of dollars and when an economy experiences recession, investors may feel forced to sell other assets in order to raise capital – leading them to purchase more gold. Consequently, gold’s price rises, making it an attractive investment choice for those seeking to protect their portfolios.

The 2000s

When the economy is in recession, many turn to gold for safety. However, this doesn’t guarantee that gold’s value always increases during a downturn.

Contrary to popular belief, there are a few reasons why this might not be the case. When economic conditions are tough, interest rates typically decrease which means investors become less willing to borrow money and are less risk averse – leading to an increase in gold’s demand as an investment.

One reason gold tends to increase in value during recessions is its stability as a medium of exchange, rarely devalued by government intervention. Furthermore, gold tends to be more costly to produce than other currencies due to its higher production costs.

Finally, there are other factors that influence the price of gold. These include government policies and monetary policies.

Government cuts can be seen as a negative signal for gold prices, since gold tends to increase its value when faced with such constraints.

Investors also seek out safe-haven assets during recessions, as they worry about economic instability.

The 2000s proved to be a difficult decade, with major events like 9/11 and the financial crisis creating global turmoil. These catastrophes had an immense impact on governments, politics, and military strategy alike.

At these times, many turned to gold for protection and the safeguarding of their families’ wealth – especially in the United States.

Due to the economy’s struggles, investors sought ways to protect their wealth. Gold became particularly popular during the 2000s as a safe haven for investors during this trying time.


Gold has historically performed well during stock market crashes.

gold, black, and green banner for a gold ira kit