We may earn a small commission if you click links and make a purchase. This article is for informational purposes only and does not constitute financial advice.

Last Updated on December 2, 2023

Market volatility is an inevitable aspect of investing. Investors seeking to minimize their exposure to market fluctuations often explore various investment options to diversify their portfolio.

Gold has been a popular alternative investment for centuries, and today, many investors are turning to Gold IRAs to protect their wealth from economic turmoil.

This article will discuss the historical performance of gold during periods of economic instability, whether it serves as a safe haven during market volatility, and how to start a Gold IRA.

gold, black, and green banner for a gold ira kit

Gold’s Historical Performance During Periods of Economic Turmoil

Gold has long been considered a store of value due to its finite supply and widespread acceptance as a medium of exchange.

During periods of economic turmoil, gold has generally outperformed traditional investments like stocks and bonds, making it an attractive option for investors looking to hedge against uncertainty.

For example, during the 2008 financial crisis, gold prices increased by over 24%, while the S&P 500 index declined by more than 38%.

Additionally, gold performed well during periods of high inflation, such as the 1970s, when it rose by over 1,800% over the decade.

Is Gold a Safe Haven During Market Volatility?

a pyramid shaped stack of gold bars

While gold has historically performed well during periods of economic instability, it is essential to recognize that past performance does not guarantee future results.

That being said, gold is generally considered a safe haven asset due to its low correlation with other investments and its ability to retain value over time.

YOU MAY ALSO LIKE: How Does Gold Perform Against Inflation?

Moreover, gold is considered a hedge against inflation and currency devaluation, which are common during periods of economic distress.

Reasons for a Volatile Market

There are several factors that can contribute to market volatility, including economic events, geopolitical tensions, natural disasters, and changes in investor sentiment. Some of the most significant causes of market volatility include:

  1. Economic data releases: Unexpected changes in economic indicators, such as GDP growth, employment numbers, and inflation rates, can cause significant market fluctuations as investors reevaluate their positions.
  2. Geopolitical events: Political instability, trade disputes, and military conflicts can create uncertainty in financial markets, leading to increased volatility.
  3. Central bank policies: Changes in interest rates or monetary policy by central banks can have significant impacts on financial markets, as investors react to new information and adjust their strategies.
  4. Market sentiment: Investor sentiment can shift rapidly, causing fluctuations in market prices as investors buy or sell assets based on their changing perceptions of risk and return.

Should You Consider Hedging with Gold if the Market Crashes?

Investors should not make hasty decisions based solely on short-term market conditions.

While it may be tempting to move assets into gold during a market crash, it is essential to consider your overall investment strategy, risk tolerance, and time horizon.

A well-diversified portfolio that includes a mix of stocks, bonds, and alternative investments like gold can help protect against market fluctuations and provide long-term growth potential.

What Percentage of Your Portfolio Should You Allocate to Gold?

The optimal allocation to gold will vary depending on an investor’s specific circumstances, risk tolerance, and investment goals.

Many financial advisors recommend allocating between 5% and 10% of a portfolio to gold or other precious metals as a diversification tool and hedge against inflation.

However, some investors may choose to allocate more or less, depending on their unique needs and objectives.

Other Factors to Consider About Gold and Market Volatility

While gold can be an effective hedge against market volatility and economic uncertainty, there are several factors investors should consider before investing in gold:

  1. Storage and insurance costs: Physical gold must be stored securely, which can incur storage fees and insurance costs. These costs can reduce the overall returns on your investment.
  2. Liquidity: While gold is a relatively liquid asset, selling physical gold may require additional time and effort compared to selling stocks or bonds. Moreover, selling gold may involve additional fees or transaction costs, which can impact your returns.
  3. Taxes: Gold investments are subject to different tax treatments compared to other investments, such as stocks or bonds. It is essential to understand the tax implications of investing in gold and consult with a tax professional if necessary.
  4. Currency risk: As gold is typically priced in U.S. dollars, investors in other countries may be exposed to currency risk when investing in gold. Fluctuations in exchange rates can impact the value of gold investments for non-U.S. investors.

How to Start a Gold IRA

zero gold ira fees

A Gold IRA is a type of individual retirement account (IRA) that allows investors to hold physical gold or other approved precious metals as a part of their retirement savings. Here are the steps to start a Gold IRA:

  1. Choose a custodian: A Gold IRA requires a specialized custodian to hold and manage the assets within the account. Research various custodians and select one with a solid reputation and experience in managing Gold IRAs.
  2. Open an account: Complete the necessary paperwork and provide identification to open a Gold IRA account with your chosen custodian.
  3. Fund the account: You can fund your Gold IRA by transferring funds from an existing IRA or by making a direct contribution to the account. Consult with a tax professional to ensure that you are following the appropriate contribution limits and guidelines.
  4. Select your gold: Choose the specific gold products you wish to hold within your Gold IRA, such as bullion coins or bars. It is essential to ensure that the gold products you select meet the IRS’s purity and weight requirements.
  5. Storage: Arrange for storage of your gold investments through your custodian. The custodian will typically offer a secure, insured storage facility or arrange for storage with a third-party depository.


Gold has long been considered a safe haven during periods of market volatility and economic turmoil.

While it is not a guaranteed investment, gold has historically provided diversification benefits and a hedge against inflation, making it an attractive option for investors looking to protect their wealth from uncertainty.

RELATED: Gold IRA Regulation and Compliance 

A Gold IRA can be an effective way to incorporate gold into your investment portfolio and hedge against market volatility. However, it is essential to consider factors such as storage and insurance costs, liquidity, taxes, and currency risk before investing in gold.

As with any investment decision, consult with a financial professional to ensure that a Gold IRA aligns with your overall investment strategy and risk tolerance.